郭旭生

【来源:草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室 | 发布日期:2014-03-24 】    

男,教授,2011年入选教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划。
学习经历
2013.06-2013.07,瑞士苏黎世联邦理工学院农业科学研究所动物营养室,访问学者
2011.03-2012.03,美国威斯康辛州立大学奶业科学系/美国农业部奶业与牧草研究中心,访问学者
2009年4-5月,澳大利亚西澳大学,访问学者
2008年10-11月 英国牛津大学/麦考利土地利用研究所,访问学者
2004.9-2007.6 在中国农业大学,获农学博士学位
2001.9-2004.7 在在宁夏大学,获农学硕士学位
1997.9-2001.6 在宁夏农学院,获农学学士学位
工作经历
2013.05-今,     兰州大学草地农业生态系统国家重点实验室,生命科学学院   教授
2009.05-2013.05,兰州大学生命科学学院   副教授
2007.07-2009.05,兰州大学生命科学学院   讲师
发表论文及专著
学术论文:
X. S. Guo, Ruijun Long, Michael Kreuzer, Luming Ding, Zhanhuan Shang, Ying Zhang, Yang Yang and Guangxin Cui. 2014. Importance of functional ingredients in yak milk derived food from alpine region on health of Tibetan nomads living under high altitude stress-A review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 54, 292-302
X. S. Guo, D. J. Undersander, D. K. Combs. 2013. Effects of Lactobacillus inoculants and forage dry matter on the fermentation and aerobic stability of ensiled mixed-crop tall fescue and meadow fescue. Journal of Dairy Science 96 (3),1735-1744.
Ding. WR, RJ. Long, and X.S. Guo*. 2013. Effects of plant enzyme inactivation and sterilization on lipolysis and proteolysis in alfalfa silage. Journal of Dairy Science 96 (4), 2536-2543. 
W.R. Ding, X.S. Guo*, Kazuo Ataku. 2013. Characterization of peptides in ensiled alfalfa treated with different chemical additives. Animal Science Journal 84(12), 774-781.
L. Tao, X.S. Guo*, H. Zhou, D.J. Undersander. 2012. Characteristics of proteolytic activities of endo- and    exopeptidase in alfalfa herbage and their implications for proteolysis in ensilage. Journal of Dairy Science95, 4591-4595.
X.S. Guo, L.M. Ding, R. J. Long, B. Qi, Z.H. Shang and M. L. Lian. 2012. Changes of chemical composition to high altitude result in Kobresia littledalei growing in alpine meadow of the Tibet Plateau with high feeding values to local herbivores. Animal Feed Science and Technology 173, 186-193.
X. S. Guo, Y. Zhang, J. W. Zhou, R. J. Long, G. S. Xin, B. Qi, L. M. Ding, H. C. Wang. 2012. Nitrogen metabolism and recycling in yaks (Bos grunniens) offered a forage:concentrate diet differing in N composition. Animal Production Science,52, 287-296.
Y. Zhang, J.W. Zhou, X.S. Guo, R.J. Long. 2012. Influences of dietary nitrogen and non-fiber carbohydrate levels on apparent digestibility, rumen fermentation and nitrogen utilization in growing yaks fed low quality forage based-diet. Livestock Science, 147, 139-147.
Lian Tao, Menglu Li, Xusheng Guo, Fuyu Yang and He Zhou, 2012. Effect of Epiphytic Microorganisms and Exogenous Lactic Acid Bacteria on the Formation of Non-protein Nitrogen During the Ensiling of Alfalfa. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 11: 2181-2186.
X. S. Guo, D. J. Undersander, D. K. Combs. 2012. Effects of Lactobacillus inoculants and forage dry matter on the fermentation and aerobic stability of ensiled mixed-crop tall fescue and meadow fescue. Journal of Animal Science.90, Suppl. 3/Journal of Dairy Science. 95, Suppl. 2, 534-535 (Abstract).
X. S. Guo, W. Cheng, L. Tao, Y. Zhu and H. Zhou. 2012. Contribution of endo and exopeptidases to formation of nonprotein N during ensiling of alfalfa. In: Proceedings of the XVI International Silage Conference, July 2-4, 2012, Hameenlina, Finland. p. 58-59 (Oral presentation).
L. Tao, Z. Yu, X.S. Guo and H. Zhou. 2011. Ensiling and in vitro digestibility characteristics of Ceratoides arborescens treated with lactic acid bacteria inoculants and cellulose. African Journal of Biotechnology,10(66), 14947-14953.
L. Tao, H. Zhou, X.S. Guo*, R.J. Long, Y. Zhu. 2011. Contribution of Exopeptidase to the Formation of Nonprotein Nitrogen during the Ensiling process of Alfalfa. Journal of Dairy Science 94, 3928-3935.
X.S. Guo, W. Cheng, F.Y. Yang, H. Zhou. 2011. Contribution of Endopeptidase to the Formation of Nonprotein Nitrogen during the Ensiling process of Alfalfa. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 168, 42-50.
G.S. Xin, R.J. Long, X.S. Guo, J. Irvine, L.M. Ding, L.L. Ding and Z.H. Shang. 2011. Blood mineral status of grazing Tibetan sheep in the Northeast of the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau. Livestock Science. 136, 102-107.
Y. Zhu, C.S. Bai, X.S. Guo*, Y.L. Xue, Kazuo Ataku. 2011. Nutritive value of corn silage in mixture with Garden Pea. Animal Production Science 51, 1117-1122.
Fang, X. W., Turner, N. C., Li, F. M., Li, W. J., Guo, X. S. 2011. Caragana korshinskii seedlings maintain positive photosynthesis during short-term, severe drought stress. Photosynthetica, 49(4), 603-609.
Wang Hucheng, Ruijun Long, Juan Boo Liang, Xusheng Guo, Luming Ding and Zhanhuan Shang. 2011. Comparison of Nitrogen Metabolism in Yak (Bos grunniens) and Indigenous Cattle (Bos taurus) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science, 24(6):766-773
Xin Guo-sheng, Hu Zheng, Zhou Wei, Yang Zhi-qiang, Guo Xu-sheng, Long Rui-jun. Determination of Inorganic Elements in the Soil-Grass-Animal System by Sealed Microwave Digestion ICP-AES .Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2010, 30(2), pp 546-550
Ding Xue-zhi, Long Rui-jun, Mi Jian-dui, Guo Xu-sheng. Measurement of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from Ruminants Based on the NDIR Technique. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis, 2010, 30(6), pp 1503-1506
Yu Zhu, Naoki Nishino, X.S. Guo*. Chemical changes during ensilage and in sacco degradation of two tropic grasses: Rhodesgrass and Guineagrass treated with cell wall degrading enzymes. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science. 2010, 24, 214-221.
Guo-xusheng, Shang-zhanhuan, Long-ruijun. Progress of Application of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy in the Study of Ruminant Nutrition. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis. 2009,29(3):641-646.
H. Wang, R. Long, W. Zhou, X. Li, J. Zhou and X.S. Guo. A comparative study on urinary purine derivative excretion of yak (Bos grunniens), cattle (Bos taurus), and crossbred (Bos taurus x Bos grunniens) in the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau, China. J. Anim Sci. 2009. 87:2355-2362.
Shang Z. H., Guo X. S., Long R. J. Spectroscopy Technique and Ruminant Methane Emissions Accurate Inspecting. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis. 2009,29(3):740-744
Ding W. R., Gan Y. M., Guo X.S. Yang F.Y. Application of Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy Technique in Evaluation of Hay Quality. Spectroscopy and Spectral Analysis. 2009,29(2):358-361
X.S. Guo, W.R. Ding, H. Zhou. Characterization of protein fractions and amino acids in ensiled alfalfa treated with different chemical additives. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 2008,142,89-98.
X.S. Guo, H. Zhou and W.R. Ding. Fuzzy comprehensive evaluation on the quality of different mixed feeds for fattening lambs by using in vitro method. Livestock Science, 2008,115,137-143
R. J. Long, L. M. Ding, Z. H. Shang, X. S. Guo. The yak grazing system on the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau and its status. The Rangeland Journal. 2008, 30:241–246
X. S. Guo, Ruijun Long, Luming Ding, Wolfgang Bayer. Goat Products, Breeding Objectives and Flock Structure on the Tibetan Plateau. In: Multifunctional Grasslands in a Changing World. Organizing Committee of 2008 IGC/IRC (eds.) Proceeding of the ⅩⅪInternational Grassland Conference and Ⅷ International Rangeland conference, Hohhot, China. 2008, Vol.Ⅱ,105.
X.S. Guo, H. Zhou, and Y. Zhu. Changes in the distribution of N and plant enzymatic activity during ensilage of lucerne treated with different additives. Grass and Forage Science, 2007, 1: 35-43.
X.S. Guo, W.R. Ding, H. Zhou. Protein fractions (Cornell system) of lucerne dried or ensiled with different additives. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences, 2007,16 (suppl.2), 261-265
X.S. Guo, H. Zhou. Effect of different additives on nitrogen distribution of alfalfa silage. In: Long P.G. and Z.B. Nan (eds.) Proceeding of the 2th China-Japan-Korea international Grassland Conference, Lanzhou, China, 2006, 47-48.
朱玉环,廉美娜,郭旭生*. 藏嵩草绿汁发酵液对苜蓿青贮发酵品质的影响. 农业工程学报 (EI).2013,29(5),199-205.
丁武蓉,郭旭生,杨富裕. 苜蓿高水分干草捆防霉复合添加剂筛选研究. 农业工程学报(EI),2013,29(4),285-292.
杨杨,石超,郭旭生*. 高寒草甸草附着魏斯氏乳酸菌的分离、鉴定及理化特性研究.草业学报,2013(待刊).
丁武蓉,郭旭生,杨富裕. 矿物质添加剂对高水分苜蓿干草贮藏品质的影响. 草业学报,2013(待刊)
陶莲,周禾,郭旭生, 玉柱. 苜蓿中金属肽酶对青贮过程中蛋白降解的作用. 农业工程学报(EI),2011,27(增刊2)258-262.
米见对,郭旭生,周建伟, 辛国省, 张莹,朱玉环,龙瑞军.日粮氮水平对牦牛瘤胃发酵参数和氮组分的影响. 中国农业科学,2011,44(22):4678-4686
张莹, 郭旭生,龙瑞军,周建伟,朱玉环,米见对. 饲粮氮水平对牦牛瘤胃发酵及营养物质消化代谢特征的影响. 动物营养学报,2011, 6: 68-74
程巍,郭旭生*. 苜蓿丝氨酸蛋白水解酶及青贮时对蛋白降解作用研究. 草业科学,2011,28 (05): 855-860
辛国省, 龙瑞军, 郭旭生. 青藏高原东北缘放牧绵羊血清矿物元素动态研究. 甘肃农业大学学报, 02, 32-36.
张莹,郭旭生*,龙瑞军,丁路明. 反刍动物尿素氮代谢研究进展.动物营养学报,2009,21:609-616
丁路明,龙瑞军,郭旭生,尚占环. 放牧生态系统家畜牧食行为研究进展. 家畜生态学报,2009,5:4-9
尚占环,姬秋梅,多吉顿珠,后源,郭旭生,丁路明,龙瑞军. 西藏“一江两河”农区草业发展探讨. 草业科学2009,   8:141-146.
尚占环, 刘兴元, 丁路明, 郭旭生, 马玉寿, 龙瑞军. 三江源区草地资源与环境现状、问题及其对策探讨 . 2009年中国草原发展论坛, 2009.会议论文
丁路明, *龙瑞军, 郭旭生, 尚占环. 放牧生态系统家畜牧食行为研究进展 . 2009中国草原发展论坛, 2009.会议论文
郭旭生,丁武蓉,玉柱. 青贮饲料发酵品质评定体系及其新进展.中国草地学报,2008,4:100-106.
阳伏林,王虎成,郭旭生,龙瑞军. 用尿中嘌呤衍生物估测瘤胃微生物蛋白产量的研究进展.草业学报,2008,1:121-129
丁武蓉,干友民,郭旭生.添加糖蜜对胡枝子青贮品质的影响.中国畜牧杂志.2008,1:61-64
丁武蓉,杨富裕,郭旭生.添加乳酸菌和纤维素酶对胡枝子青贮品质的影响.西北农林科技大学学报. 2008,4:8-14
丁武蓉,干友民,郭旭生.添加甲酸对胡枝子青贮品质的影响.草地学报,2008,6:82-84
郭旭生, 周禾,玉柱. 青贮中苜蓿蛋白的降解特性及化学添加剂的影响. 草地学报,2007,5:506-508
丁武蓉,干友民,郭旭生,杨富裕.添加乳酸菌对胡枝子青贮品质的影响.饲料工业,2007,8:1-3.
丁武蓉, 干有民, 郭旭生, 杨富裕. 近红外光谱技术(NIRS)在干草品质检测中的研究与应用 . 2007中国草学会饲料生产委员会学术论坛, 2007.会议论文
郭旭生, 周禾. 不同添加剂对青贮饲料有氧稳定性的影响.中国奶牛,2006,9:18-21
郭旭生, 周禾. 提高反刍家畜对苜蓿青贮蛋白利用率的研究进展.草食家畜,2006,1:34-37
周禾, 郭旭生.大力发展饲草加工业 加快新农村经济社会建设步伐. 中国草业发展论坛论文集.广州:2006,67-70
郭旭生, 周禾. 苜蓿青贮过程中蛋白的分解及抑制方法. 草业科学,2005,11:46-50
郭旭生, 姚爱兴 周禾. 不同瘤胃调控剂对日粮粗纤维体外降解及体外发酵合成产物影响的研究. 饲料工业,2005,26(3):44-46.
尚占环, 姚爱兴, 龙瑞军, 郭瑞英, 郭旭生. 中卫山羊核心产地植物群落的数量分类与排序. 西北植物学报, 05期, pp 985-990.
郭旭生,姚爱兴. 不同育肥羔羊日粮体外发酵效果的综合评判. 饲料工业, 2004, 5:27-29
郭旭生,李爱华. 生化复合处理提高农作物秸秆营养价值方法的研究. 黑龙江畜牧兽医, 2004,3:47-49
郭旭生, 姚爱兴. 外源酶在反刍动物营养中的应用,饲料工业. 2003, 24:7-11
郭旭生, 崔慰贤, 姚爱兴. 白腐真菌在降解秸秆木质素中的应用. 饲料博览, 02, 36-39.
郭旭生, 崔慰贤. 提高秸秆饲料利用率和营养价值的研究进展. 饲料工业, 11,12-15.
专著:
1.参编“十一五”国家重点出版图书《10000个科学难题》(农业卷),“畜牧学”部分——豆科牧草青贮中蛋白的水解与抑制,985-988页。科学出版社,2011年出版。
2.参编日文专著《最新饲料青贮技术-青贮饲料及TMR的调制与饲喂》,日本酪农学园大学出版社,2012年出版。主编:安宅一夫 教授。
3.参编英文专著《Rangeland Degradation and Recovery in China's Pastoral Lands》,Edited by Victor R. Squares, Lu Xinshi, Lu Qi, Wang Tao and Yang Youlin. CABI,2009.
研究方向
    目前主要从事的研究方向:
  • 青藏高原乳酸菌种质资源发掘、创新与利用;
  • 藏系反刍家畜营养代谢与环境适应;
  • 饲料青贮技术及营养价值评价。
项目成果
    曾先后主持与参加国家及省部级等项目10余项,参编中文、英文和日文专著各一部。目前发表科技论文70余篇,其中SCI论文30余篇。获国家发明专利2项,实用新型专利2项。
   主持与参加的科研项目:
  • 甘肃省科技支撑计划项目“紫花苜蓿青贮工艺及高效饲喂奶牛的技术研究与示范”(1304NKCA124,2013-2015)-主持
  • 国家自然科学基金面上项目“青藏高原牧草附着乳酸菌的遗传多样性及其饲料青贮应用的基础研究”(31272486,2013-2016)-主持
  • 国家公益性(农业)行业专项“饲草青贮工艺技术及配套设施装备的研究与示范”研究任务“高热高湿区黑麦草青贮技术研究与示范”(2013-2016)-主持
  • 教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划资助项目“青藏高原传统发酵牦牛酸奶中乳酸菌的遗传多样性及生物功能评价”(NET-11-0209,2012-2014)
  • “十二五”农村领域国家科技计划课题“优质牧草资源开发与多元化草产品加工利用关键技术研究与集成示范”(2011BAD17B02,2012-2015)-参加
  • 国家自然科学基金面上项目“牦牛适应高寒营养胁迫的氮代谢机制”(31170378,2012-2015)—副主持
  • 国家自然科学基金青年基金“苜蓿青贮中蛋白降解酶的种类、特性及其作用机理(30800800,2009-2011)”—主持
  • 教育部博士点基金新教师项目“苜蓿青贮过程中蛋白的降解特性研究”(200807301008,2009-2011)—主持
  • 兰州大学中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目“牦牛适应高寒营养胁迫的氮代谢机制”(lzujbky-2009-46,2010.1-2010-12)-主持
  • 兰州大学干旱与草地生态教育部重点实验室开放基金“青藏高原不同海拔梯度与牧草中乳酸菌多样性的相关机制研究”(2009.7-2011.6)-主持
  • “十一五”国家科技支撑计划项目“西藏牦牛良种选育、高校养殖及产业化开发研究”课题“饲草生产体系研究(2007BAD63B04,2007-2010)”—参加
  • 农业部公益性行业科研专项“人工草地优质牧草生产技术研究与示范”子课题(编号: nyhyzx07-22;时间:2007-2010)—主持
  • 欧盟项目:Rangeland enclosure on the Tibetan Plateau of China: Impacts on pastoral livelihoods, markerting, livestock productivity and rangeland biodiversity(INCO-032350; 2007-2010)-参加
社会工作
中国草学会青年学术委员会理事。
SCI期刊GRASSLAND SCIENCE, 编委(2013-2015年)。
Journal of Dairy Science, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture,Journal of Applied Microbiology,Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology,农业工程学报,草业学报,草业科学等杂志审稿人。